Wildlife Management & Pest Control - Suffolk, South Norfolk, North Essex and North West Cambridgeshire
We have been controlling and managing wildlife for over 35 years
Rabbits are a common problem in rural areas of Suffolk and Norfolk. To remove your rabbit problem, we offer an environmentally friendly rabbit control service. Rabbit problems in East Anglia Rabbits remain a serious pest problem in rural areas and, increasingly, also in urban situations. A wide variety of rabbit control options are available from Suffolk Wildlife Services. Rabbits are one of Britain’s most widespread and destructive agricultural vertebrate pests. The impact of rabbits on native plants includes damage to vegetation through ring barking, grazing and browsing. Rabbits also prevent regeneration of native plants by eating seedlings. As well as causing detrimental habitat change, rabbits threaten native mammals through direct competition for food and shelter. Overgrazing by rabbits removes plant cover and can contributes to soil erosion. Rabbits cause changes in the quality of flora and habitat of fauna. The European Rabbit (oryctolagus cuniculus) causes an estimated economic loss (primarily agriculture) in excess of £100 million a year. Although hard to quantify the total population is thought to be around 40 million. The population is currently increasing by 2% annually due to mild winters, fewer outbreaks of myxomatosis. Rabbit populations can with stand high mortality from natural causes so, coupled with their inherit capacity for population increase, complete eradication is impractical. Instead, the aim should be to reduce numbers to economically or practically acceptable levels. Rabbit facts and figures Rabbits were introduced by the Normans in the 12th century to provide meat and fur. They can live up to nine years. However in the wild they rarely live longer than 12 months. Rabbits become sexually mature at four months and breed rapidly. On average a doe (female rabbit) will produce 20 live young per year. The gestation period is four weeks. Adults rarely venture further than 200 meters from the main burrow. An adult will eat 500 grams per day of green food i.e up to 30% of their body weight. The myxomatosis epidemic began in 1954 and almost wiped out the entire population. However, rabbits are now increasingly resistant to this viral disease. Control techniques Long term rabbit population management should aim to reduce levels at which their damage is reduced to an acceptable level. The most effective time to mount a rabbit control program is between November and March because: Mortality from natural causes will have reduced rabbit numbers to there lowest levels by the winter. Up to 90% of young rabbits born in the summer will have died without human intervention. Action will cut the adult breeding population before the next breeding season. Vegetation is dying back, making access to burrows easier. The best results are achieved if infested adjoining land is treated at the same time in co-operation exercises. Rabbits do not respect boundaries. Habitat management plays a vital part of a successful control program. Scrub and ground cover may need to be thinned to allow access to burrows – and is essential when gassing takes place. Suffolk Wildlife Services uses several key successful rabbit control methods: Fencing and wire netting Fencing is particularly useful when other techniques are impractical, or when complete exclusion is the aim. Rabbit-proof netting fences are often initially used in specific circumstances such as the protection of relatively small, high-value enterprises, rather than extensive grazing enterprises. There are two main designs, with netting buried 150 mm in the ground, and; with netting bent at the base to lie on the ground in the direction of approaching rabbits. Rabbit proof fencing is a one-off operation and should last for up to 20 years where maintenance is adequate. Netting fencing may be judged to be a cost effective long term control method when compared with current costs of ongoing rabbit control works in residential areas. It may be the only effective rabbit control option to contain rabbits in difficult terrain or in situations where rabbit control by other techniques is difficult. Controlling the movement of rabbits with netted fencing is the first stage of making a property rabbit-free. Spring trapping Another very productive method of rabbit control is the use of spring traps. In some situations it can be the best method of control. The most common spring trap used by Suffolk Wildlife Services is the 116 Bodygrip Trap Mk6 Fenn trap. The one draw back is that at times it can be very labour intensive. Baited cage traps This method of rabbit control is best used mainly on small garden jobs. Here galvanised wire-mesh cages are baited with carrots set in open vegetation away from the burrows and are checked twice a day – morning and late afternoon. Captured rabbits are then dispatched humanly. It offers the advantage that access to burrows is not required and that if non-target species can be released unharmed. Shooting Rabbit control using air rifle and thermal scope is another highly effective method of clearing large numbers of rabbits. However single shooting operations are not particularly effective and reduce rabbit numbers by only 30%. The shooting method is only used as an addition to more effective methods, or to remove problem individuals that cannot be disposed of by other means. Drop box traps Drop box traps are very useful on long term contract to control rabbits. Set on well used runs through rabbit proof fencing, they can prove deadly at catching rabbits. They are only used in long term control programs because they are permanently set in the ground. The traps themselves are made of galvanised metal and consist of a holding chamber (sunk into the ground) with a tunnel running across the top that contains a counter balance floor that tips the rabbit into the chamber below returning to the set position. After installation, the drop box rabbit trap is left in an unset position for a long period to allow rabbits to start using the tunnel with confidence. Once the rabbits are using the tunnel with confidence the lock can be taken off the counter balance and set. This method of rabbit control can produce excellent results. Sometimes 100 rabbits can be taken in a single night from a line of boxes however number decrease over time bring the rabbits down to an acceptable level. Please contact us to discuss your Rabbit problem.
Mink are small carnivores of the mustelid family. They are predators, killing a wide variety of principally water-side animals - anything from small frogs and fish to water voles and moorhens. The mink found in in Britain is an American species. It was an accidental addition to the British fauna in the 20th century, the result of animals escaping from fur farms in quite a few different regions. Mink are still farmed for fur in other European countries, where escapes still occur, but since 2000 fur-farming has been prohibited in the UK (2002 in Scotland). Mink were first shown to be breeding in the wild in Britain in the late 1950s, but were very likely established before then. Subsequently, the species has spread along watercourses and along rocky coastlines into almost all of lowland Britain. Despite their recent introduction, mink are now relatively common - unlike some of our native carnivores. In 2000 there were estimated to be roughly 110,000 in Britain - but one should add that there is no easy way to estimate the population! There is also a European mink (Mustela lutreola), which is similar in appearance but has never occurred in Britain and is actually endangered in continental Europe. So it can be argued that the American mink fits into an ecological niche that was previously vacant in Britain. In its native North America, though, the mink population is supported by the ubiquitous and highly prolific muskrat, its favoured prey. It might be expected that the introduction of a non-native predator without its natural food base would damage our native fauna severely. Indeed, there is good evidence for this on small offshore islands, where the appearance of mink has been associated with complete nesting failures of colonies of the black-headed gull, common gull, common tern and Arctic tern. Mink are also thought to have been responsible for the disappearance of the moorhen on the Hebridean islands of Lewis and Harris. However, on mainland Britain, populations of moorhen, coot and little grebe - species most likely to have been affected - seem to be holding their own. The most serious effect on the mainland seems to be on the water vole. Mink are trapped by gamekeepers and fishery managers, since there is no doubt that these animals do serious damage to penned gamebirds, to waterfowl, and to fish in ponds and rivers. Like many carnivores, mink will indulge in mass kills if they can access penned birds or fish in ponds. However, the main interest in controlling or eradicating mink comes from conservationists concerned for native species in decline. Please contact us to discuss your Mink problem.
What is Night Vision and Thermal Imaging and how does it work? Night Vision and Thermal Imaging equipment is an important tool in aiding the control of wild rabbit populations especially where a discreet service is needed. Night Vision is as the name suggests, a type of optic that allows us to see at night. Thermal Imaging on the other hand works by clearly highlighting unknowing rabbits as a heat source to our operatives. These high tech optics are utilised via different forms, spotting monocular or binoculars, rifle scopes and drones. Such systems make it virtually impossible for rabbits to hide at night once they have left the safety of the burrows. This allows us to accurately evaluate population levels and remove high numbers quickly when used in conjunction with firearms. We utilise these optics at night in conjunction with a variety of firearms fitted with silencers suited to the safety of the location. This allows us to control rabbits out of sight and out of mind with extremely effective results. When to use Night Vision and Thermal equipment. The equipment is relied upon for a variety of reasons that sees us using it most nights of the week and in a variety of locations. This can be from protecting crops on farmland to removing rabbits from sensitive areas such tourist attractions during out of ours. We use this method in conjunction with different firearms to suit the intended location. All rifles are fitted with silencers to help avoid unwanted disturbance to both rabbits and neighbours in the vicinity. In many environments it’s a simple case of it is the most effective but in a lot of circumstances a discreet method of control is required by the client. This can be for a number of reasons which make it a favourable option to use less discreet methods like lamping at night. Our licensed marksman can be situated in a variety points at the location, on foot, from a 4×4, high seat or upstairs window etc. This method is effective for high populations, or where a few are causing problems as well during eradication projects. Why you need Night Vision and Thermal Imaging from a professional. We work with the latest technology to provide the best possible results whilst providing a cost effective service. The use of such equipment is backed up by unmatched experience in the field carrying out rabbit control projects across all corners of the UK. This efficient system provides results quickly and can be relied upon where other methods fail or need complementing to get the required results. Its use makes eradication projects easier to manage. The unknowing rabbits are humanely shot one by one quickly reducing the population. This successful and discreet method works well in both rural and urban areas. Did you know… This form of control is often a preferred choice for landowners, companies and organisations wanting a discreet service. It is virtually impossible for rabbits not to be spotted when out of burrows with Thermal Imaging equipment. Our team use Night Vision and Thermal Imaging equipment for clients with a vast spectrum of land uses. To find why our customers like this approach and how its effects could benefit you – please contact us to discuss your rabbit problem.
Anyone who keeps chickens knows the potential problems of rats in chicken coops – and not just rats, mice too! If you keep chickens you need to be very careful that you take every precaution to ensure that there is not an increase of rats and mice in your area. Many chicken keepers will tell you of the constant battles they fight to keep the rats at bay. Rats will dig or chew their way into your chicken coop and gnaw at chicken’s legs, steal eggs, eat the chicken feed and spread disease. There are a few basic precautions that can be taken to minimize the risk, and stay on friendly terms with the neighbours. A couple of things you can do to minimize the risk are to make sure you remove all food and water at night. Rats need water and will be discouraged if there is none around. If possible build your chicken coop on a concrete slab, so the rats cannot dig their way in. This helps with foxes too. If you can, get a contract with a reputable pest control company. Failing that, put down some rat traps and check them regularly. SUFFOLK WILDLIFE SERVICES offer regular contracts and one-off treatments for rats. Keeping chickens can be rewarding, and the eggs certainly taste better. With a little care and diligence most people are able to keep the rat problems to a minimum, so don’t give up. If you are suffering from a rat problem around your chickens, bird feeder or compost heap then call SUFFOLK WILDLIFE SERVICES 01449 523024 or 01473 845108 Mob: 07598 269176
When we say the word “Squirrel” it immediately conjures up images of an acrobatic animal on our bird feeders and running around our parks and gardens. Unfortunately the reality is often very different, and squirrels can be a real problem for some people. There are people who actively encourage squirrels by feeding them. In other cases people are unknowingly increasing the population of squirrels by feeding birds. Bird food is a great source of high protein food, not only for birds, but also for squirrels, rats and mice. Concentrations of these pests can have a devastating effect on local insects , other rodents and mammals as well as newts, slow worms, frogs and toads. The more food in a squirrels territory the smaller the territory will have to be thus allowing the population density to increase. Squirrels will also eat baby birds and birds eggs, so by having bird feeders that squirrels can access, can encourage squirrels into gardens and allow them to easily reach and kill birds that people are trying to protect. Most of the calls we get within our catchment area Suffolk, South Norfolk, North Essex and North West Cambridgeshire are for problems with squirrels entering roof spaces but can also be very damaging in gardens. A male squirrel will have several dreys within its territory and a loft space is often treated as one of these and may only be visited every now and then which can make treatment difficult. In warm weather squirrel families are unlikely to visit lofts as the temperature may be too high. Lofts are often favoured for giving birth, especially for the first litter of the year when the temperature is still quite cold. Squirrel Suffolk Wildlife Services use a combination of traps as Squirrels can be fussy feeders, particularly if they have access to a bird feeder full of peanuts and bird seed. The reason for this is that they can be fussy feeders, especially if they have access to peanuts, sunflower seeds and bird seed. To book a pest control treatment or free advice then please call us at SUFFOLK WILDLIFE SERVICES: 01449 523024 or 01473 845108 Mob: 07598 269176